EBM: Electronic Body Music

Electronic body music in Germany by http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electronic_Body_Music mainly known by its acronym EBM is a music genre that combines elements of industrial music and electronic punk music.Emerging in the early-to-mid 1980s,the genre’s early influences range from the industrial music of the time (Throbbing Gristle,Cabaret Voltaire),European electropunk DAF Liaisons Dangereuses,Portion Control) and straight-ahead electronic music (Kraftwerk).The style was characterized by hard and often sparse danceable electronic beats,clear undistorted vocals,shouts or growls with reverberation and echo effects,and repetitive sequencer lines.At this time important synthesizers were Korg MS-20,Emulator II,Oberheim Matrix or the Yamaha DX7.Typical EBM rhythms are based on 4/4 beats,mainly with some minor syncopation to suggest a rock music rhythm structure.The term electronic body music was coined by the Belgian band Front 242 in 1984 to describe the music of their EP No Comment,released in the same year.

A few years before,DAF from Germany used the term “Körpermusik” (body music) in an interview to describe their danceable electronic punk sound.Another term that has been used to refer to EBM is aggrepo,a contraction of “aggressive pop”,mainly used in Germany in the late 1980s.1981-1993 In the early 1980s artists like Front 242 and Nitzer Ebb (both influenced by acts such as Deutsch-Amerikanische Freundschaft,Cabaret Voltaire and Throbbing Gristle) started to combine German electropunk with elements of the British industrial music. The result of this mixture was a straight danceable sound that was called EBM back in 1984. Notable EBM albums include Front 242’s “Official Version” and Nitzer Ebb’s “That Total Age”,both released in 1987.In the second half of the 1980s,American and Canadian music groups such as Front Line Assembly,Ministry,Batz Without Flesh or Schnitt Acht started to use typical European EBM elements.They combined these elements with the roughness of American post-industrial music (Revolting Cocks).

Shortly after,a handful of bands such as Nine Inch Nails created a more rock-oriented style under the influence of EBM synths and sequences.The most well-known result was released in 1989 under the name Head Like A Hole.Meanwhile EBM became popular in the underground club scene,particularly in Europe.In this period the most important labels were the Belgian PIAS,Antler-Subway and KK Records,the German Animalized,Techno Drome International and Zoth Ommog,the North American Wax Trax! and the Swedish labels Front Music Production and Energy (later merged to Energy Rekords).Other artists besides Front 242 and Nitzer Ebb were Die Krupps,Vomito Negro,Signal Aout 42,Insekt,Force Dimension, Bigod 20 and Electro Assassin.

A few other groups were A Split-Second (a Belgian electro-rock/new beat act),AAAK,The Weathermen,The Klinik,Borghesia,The Neon Judgement,Attrition or Philadelphia Five.These acts produced some genre-typical songs,although they were not EBM groups.Between the early and the mid 1990s,many EBM artists split up or changed their musical style and began to borrow more distorted industrial elements or elements of rock music or metal.The album Tyranny For You and following albums from the pioneers Front 242 initiated the end of the EBM epoch of the 1980s.Nitzer Ebb,one of the most important artists,became a simply electronic rock band.Without the strength of its figureheads,the original electronic body music finally faded by the mid-1990s.New groups, such as Leæther Strip,:wumpscut:,and early Suicide Commando,combined harsh distorted beats with synthesizer-driven melodies.What to term this evolution of the EBM genre is somewhat controversial,with artists, labels,and the music press using either simply the term EBM,or else alternate terms such as electro-industrial,or especially in Germany and South America,elektro.Other notable artists of this era include Allied Vision,Psychopomps,Controlled Fusion,early Decoded Feedback,and NVMPH.

A second developed genre at this time was dark electro.Dark electro combined sinister electronic soundscapes with grunts or growling vocals with a special attention to despair.Important artists were yelworC,Mortal Constraint,Trial,and Tri-state.In the late 1990s and after the millennium, especially Swedish and German groups such as Spetsnaz,Dupont,C.A.P.and Proceed have gone the way by reproducing the old EBM style with some releases in the new millennium.Some EBM artists also had an influence on many New beat and Goa trance artists (e.g. Juno Reactor,Astral Projection,Eon Project).By the late 1990s,a number of artists from the European techno scene,such as Terence Fixmer,Thomas P.Heckmann and David Carretta,started including more elements of EBM in their sound.In the United States,Adam X moved in the same direction. This tendency grew in parallel with the emerging electroclash scene and, as that scene started to decline, a number of artists associated with it, particularly The Hacker,moved towards this techno/EBM crossover style.

There has been increasing convergence between this scene and the old school EBM scene.Bands and artists have remixed each other and,most notably,Terence Fixmer joined with Nitzer Ebb’s Douglas McCarthy to form Fixmer/McCarthy.Electronic body music / industrial dance Tyranny >For You< by Front 242 Main article:Electronic body music EBM (short for electronic body music; \also known as industrial dance):The term “EBM” was coined by Belgian act Front 242 in the eighties;it denotes a certain type of danceable electronic music,a mixture of electropunk and industrial music.EBM beats are typically 4/4,often with some minor syncopation to suggest a “rock” rhythm.Heavy synths are usually prominent,and the vocals are often militaristic.This style was widely considered to be the defining sound of industrial in the 80s.In recent years, however,there has been somewhat of a schism within the EBM scene,and it is now not uncommon to hear electro-industrial and futurepop artists referred to as EBM.For this reason,many EBM fans have begun to refer to this earlier style as “old-school EBM”.Artists: Front 242, Bigod 20,Nitzer Ebb,ASplit-Second,Armageddon Dildos,The Weathermen Labels:Play It Again Sam (Belgium),Antler Records (Belgium),Wax Trax (USA),Zoth,Ommog (Belgium).